Sociological Methods in International Law
This page only contains biographical statements from participants who submitted them specificially for this workshop. All of the other "bio" links on the workshop page go to biographical statements on the Web sites of participants' home institutions.
David Barnard is a Professor in the Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh, and in the University of Pittsburgh Center for Bioethics and Health Law. He is the Director of the University of Pittsburgh's Institute to Enhance Palliative Care. He is also Adjunct Professor in the School of Law.
Dr. Barnard is an authority in the integration of the humanities into the education of health professionals. His involvement with the health professions began in 1971, with three years as a Respiratory Therapist during which he became profoundly aware of the ethical, spiritual, and psychological dimensions of medical practice--subjects he has pursued ever since. He has devoted the last 25 years to teaching and writing on these subjects in academic health centers.
Before coming to The University of Pittsburgh in 1999, Dr. Barnard was University Professor of Humanities and Chairman of the Department of Humanities at the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, the first Department of Humanities ever established at any medical school. He has held teaching positions at Harvard Divinity School, Northeastern University, and the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch. In 1991-92 he served as President of the Society for Health and Human Values, the principal professional organization of teachers and scholars in the medical humanities.
Dr. Barnard received his B.A. from the University of Chicago, and an M.A. in Comparative History from Brandeis University. He received an M.T.S. (Master of Theological Studies) from Harvard Divinity School, and a Ph.D. in Religion and Society from Harvard University in 1980. In 2006 he received a J.D. from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law.
He has published and lectured extensively on ethical issues at the end of life; suffering, meaning, and hope; hospice and palliative care; and medical education. He is the co-editor, with William R. Rogers, of Nourishing the Humanistic in Medicine: Interactions with the Social Sciences, and, with S. Kay Toombs and Ronald A. Carson, of Chronic Illness: From Experience to Policy. Crossing Over: Narratives of Palliative Care, co-authored with Anna Towers, Patricia Boston, and Yanna Lambrinidou, was published by Oxford University Press in 2000. Dr. Barnard is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Palliative Medicine, and served as Area Editor for "Death and Dying" for the 3rd edition of the Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
Dr. Barnard is a member of the core faculty in the Global Health Track for the Internal Medicine Residency Program at the School of Medicine. At the School of Law, he is faculty advisor for the Global Health and Human Rights Track in the Health Law Certificate Program. His research and teaching in this area focus on the strengths and limitations of the international human rights regime for addressing global health inequalities, particularly in the poorest regions of the world.
34. Barnard, D., Quill, T., Hafferty, F. W., Arnold, R., Plumb, J., Bulger, R., and Field, M. Preparing the ground: Contributions of the pre-clinical years to medical education for care near the end of life. Academic Medicine, 74(5):499-505, 1999.
C. BOOK CHAPTERS:
15. Barnard, D. The Skull at the Banquet. In Jansen, L., ed. Death in the Clinic. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006. 16. Barnard, D. "The Case of Native Hawaiians: Race, Culture, and Sovereignty." In Perea JF, et al, eds., Race and Races: Cases and Resources for a Diverse America, 2nd ed. Thomson-West, 2007.
Laura A. Dickinson is a Foundation Professor of Law at Arizona State University's Sandra Day O'Connor of Law, where she directs a the new International Law Institute that focuses on sociolegal approaches. She was a Professor at the University of Connecticut School of Law from 2001 to 2008, and a Visiting Fellow and Professor in the Law and Public Affairs Program at Princeton University in 2006-2007. A graduate of Harvard College and Yale Law School, she has served as a senior policy adviser to Harold Hongju Koh, Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor at the U.S. Department of State and as a law clerk to Justices Stephen G. Breyer and Harry A. Blackmun on the U.S. Supreme Court. Her recent work which focuses on regulating private military contractors, includes "Public Values/Private Contract," in Government by Contract (Jody Freeman & Martha Minow eds., Harvard University Press, forthcoming 2008), "Legal Regulation of Private Military Contractors, the New Mercenaries," in International Criminal Law (Cherif Bassiouni ed., 2008), "Contract as a Tool for Regulating Private Military Companies," in Mercenaries to Market (Simon Chesterman and Chia Lenhardt eds., Oxford University Press, 2007), and "Public Law Values in a Privatized World," 31 Yale J. Int'l L. 384 (2006). Dickinson's current work-in-progress is a monograph entitled Outsourcing War and Peace (Yale University Press, forthcoming 2009).
I was trained in law (J.D.) and anthropology (PhD) at the Universities of Buffalo and Wisconsin (Marc Galanter being the intellectual link; the Law & Society Association the intellectual homeland), and have done ethnographic studies of legal institutions, including a caste council in India (1970s) and a workers' court in socialist Yugoslavia (1980s).
My main interests in public international law have been in connection with its irrelevance to the actions of states and international organizations dealing with the demise of Yugoslavia (1991-92), the recognition of Bosnia (1992, 1995), the events in Kosovo (NATO attacks on Serbia, 1999; unilateral declaration of independence, 2008) and now those in the Republic of Georgia (Russia playing NATO's Kosovo game, 2008). At this stage I see public international law as analogous to constitutional law: not positive law in any sense, but a set of understandings that work until some actors see it as being in their interest to violate them, and think they can get away with doing so. This can be non-violent (S. Carolina vis-Ã -vis the US, 1832-1860; US vis-Ã -vis Serbia and Kosovo, 2008) or violent (S. Carolina vis-Ã -vis the US, 1861; US vis-Ã -vis Serbia and Kosovo 1999).
My interests in international criminal law stem from participant observation as an expert witness in the first case in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia [ICTY] in 1996 and monitoring cases in that institution ever since.
Teemu Ruskola is Professor of Law at Emory University. Prior to joining the Emory Law faculty in 2007, Ruskola was Professor of Law at American University in Washington, D.C. He has been a visiting professor at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and at Cornell Law School, and served as a sabbatical visitor at Columbia Law School.
Professor Ruskola is the recipient of several fellowships and awards, including the Law and Public Affairs Fellowship at Princeton University and the Charles A. Ryskamp Research Fellowship with the American Council of Learned Societies. He is spending the academic year 2008-09 as a member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J.
Professor Ruskola's scholarship addresses questions of legal theory from multiple perspectives, frequently with China as a vantage point. His publications — appearing in Michigan Law Review, Stanford Law Review, American Quarterly, and Social Text, among other places — explore the intersection of corporate and family law in China, "legal Orientalism," and the history and politics of Euro-American conceptions of sovereignty in the Asia-Pacific.
He is currently working on a book entitled, China, For Example: China and the Making of Modern International Law, which examines the history of the introduction of Western international law into China, and the implications of that process for the theory and politics of international law. . At the broadest level, this project will analyze the global extension of Western international law as an epistemological and cultural project, the goal of which has been to transform the entire planet into a juridical formation consisting of nation-states.
Professor Ruskola is a member of the Executive Committee of the American Society of Comparative Law and of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of Comparative Law, as well as a former Chair of the Comparative Law Section of the Association of American Law Schools.
Galit A. Sarfaty is a Fellow at Harvard Law School's Program on the Legal Profession. She holds a JD from Yale Law School and an AB from Harvard College. She is completing her PhD in Anthropology at the University of Chicago and plans to defend this fall. Her scholarship offers an anthropological perspective to the study of international law and institutions. It uses ethnographic methods to understand the internal dynamics of organizations, the role of lawyers within them, and the diffusion of human rights norms. Her writing is informed by her work experience in a number of organizations, including the World Bank, the International Labor Organization, and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
Hari Osofsky is an associate professor at Washington and Lee University School of Law. She received her B.A. and J.D. from Yale University. She currently is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Geography at the University of Oregon and intends to advance to candidacy in 2009. After clerking for Judge Dorothy Nelson of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, she worked as a Fellow at Center for the Law in the Public Interest, with a focus on environmental justice advocacy. In 2001—02, she served as a Yale-China Legal Education Fellow and Visiting Scholar at Sun Yat-sen University School of Law, where she taught U.S. Civil Rights Law and helped the school launch its clinical legal education program. In 2003—04, she was a non-residential fellow with the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs and engaged in a project on international environmental rights. She has also taught at University of Oregon School of Law(assistant professor), Whittier Law School (assistant professor; inaugural director of Center for International and Comparative Law), Loyola Law School—Los Angeles (adjunct), and Vermont Law School (visiting assistant professor).
Osofsky's scholarship focuses on two overlapping areas: (1) climate change litigation and (2) law and geography. Her current writing projects on climate change litigation include several articles, a co-edited book forthcoming with Cambridge University Press, and a casebook complement on climate change and nuisance with Aspen Publishers. She also is working on a several articles and a monograph exploring the ways in which geographic perspectives on scale could contribute to legal approaches to cross-cutting problems like climate change and the War on Terror. Her articles have been published and are forthcoming in a variety of journals, including the Washington University Law Quarterly, Villanova Law Review, Chicago Journal of International Law, Stanford Environmental Law Journal, Stanford Journal of International Law, and Yale Journal of International Law. Her advocacy work has included assisting with Earthjustice's annual submissions to the U.N. Human Rights Commission on environmental rights and with the Inuit Circumpolar Conference's petition on climate change to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. She also has served as an advisor to the Western Environmental Law Center (WELC) on climate change litigation.
Jenia Iontcheva Turner is an Associate Professor at SMU Dedman School of Law, where she teaches criminal procedure, comparative criminal procedure, international criminal law, and international organizations. Before joining SMU, Professor Turner served as a Bigelow Fellow at the University of Chicago Law School, where she taught legal research and writing and comparative criminal procedure. Professor Turner attended law school at Yale, where she was a Coker Fellow and articles editor for the Yale Law Journal and the Yale Journal of International Law. After her first year of law school, she was a summer clerk at the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and the following summer, she worked at the Federal Public Defender's Office in Houston and the New York and Paris offices of Debevoise & Plimpton.
Professor Turner's scholarship interests include comparative and international criminal law and procedure, with a special interest in qualitative empirical research. Her articles have appeared in the Virginia Law Review, the Michigan Law Review, the American Journal of Comparative Law, the Virginia Journal of International Law, and the Stanford Journal of International Law. She is currently working on a textbook exploring plea bargaining from a comparative perspective.