University of Pittsburgh

Fifteen Minute Guide for Professor Lobel's Class


To browse by subject, look through the State Department's A-Z list of issues and peruse Policy File   * for research studies, conference papers, scholarly articles, and government white papers.To browse chronologically, see American International Law Cases KZ 328 .A2 A54   and Digest of US Practice in International Law   KZ 21 .U65   and at  


The first source to consult for primary international law is EISIL   It organizes international agreements into topical categories.   If you don't see your topic in their list, use the search engine in the top left corner.   Links to good quality relevant research sources follow the list of agreements within each topic.   If you can't find an international agreement there, look at the links on our treaty page  


Decisions of international tribunals are not collectively indexed anywhere, but Oxford Reports on International Law is a good database with many of them.   *   Typically, the best way to do tribunal research, whether you plan to file a case or whether you are looking for a tribunal's past decisions, is by way of its Web site. The Project on International Courts and Tribunals links to tribunals by topic and location.    If you want to search for decisions by topic rather than by tribunal, since multiple tribunals might be available to resolve a particular type of dispute, go to    


National courts also decide cases involving international agreements.        Browse International Law in Domestic Courts by topic categories or enter terms in the search box. *    

Intergovernmental Organizations are entities that generally create, administer, and enforce international agreements. Their members are governments. They will link to much of the basic law that you need. Notice that in addition to the texts of agreements, they often have links to related national laws, the texts of case decisions, and data compiled from separate governments.   They also tend to have helpful compilations of factual data. Here is a good comprehensive list of IGO's:  Example: The International Committee on the Red Cross (ICRC) monitors compliance with the Geneva Conventions and has a database of humanitarian law treaties.    

NGO's, non-governmental organizations, monitor international relations and legal issues and publish news, data, comparisons, and other observational writings.  

See for links to NGO's.


Links marked with * are subscription databases.   The Oxford case subscriptions will only work in the law building.  Others are accessible from home when you log-in through using your standard Pitt log-in and navigate through the University Library System.


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